Causes of Fatigue in Cancer Patients
Fatigue greatly affects people during cancer treatment. Cancer fatigue can result from the side effects of treatment, like Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, bone marrow transplantation and biological therapy. Cancer itself can cause fatigue. Cancers can increase your body’s need for energy, weaken your muscles, cause damage to certain organs (such as liver, kidney, heart or lungs) or alter your body’s hormones, all of which contribute to fatigue. Fatigue may occur as your body tries to repair the damage to healthy cells and tissue. Some treatment side effects — such as anemia, nausea, vomiting, pain, insomnia and changes in mood — also may cause fatigue.Medications. Certain medications, such as pain relievers, can cause fatigue. Hormonal changes also may occur as side effects of treatments, such as surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Changes to the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, testes or ovaries can all cause fatigue.
Get moving. Seek for your doctors advise if mild to moderate exercise is possible. Try swimming, walking, yoga, etc.
Balance rest, sleep, and activity. Have enough sleep and rest but never overdo. Too much rest decreases your energy level.
Eat a well-balanced diet and drink adequate water.. You may eat small meals but take them frequently during the day. Choose nutritious foods like nuts, eggs, beans, lentils, fruits, and vegetables. Also, make it a goal to eat at least two servings of fish a week — evidence shows omega-3 fats may ease fatigue by reducing inflammation.
Use relaxation methods or creative outlets to reduce stress (i.e. deep breathing, imagery, meditation, music, art).
Maintain your social life.
Image from Cancer Network